Toxic relationship in youth communication through self-love intervention strategy

Novi Andayani Praptiningsih 1 * , Herri Mulyono 1, Benni Setiawan 2
More Detail
1 Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. Dr. HAMKA, South Jakarta, INDONESIA
2 Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Depok, INDONESIA
* Corresponding Author
Online Journal of Communication and Media Technologies, Volume 14, Issue 2, Article No: e202416. https://doi.org/10.30935/ojcmt/14292
OPEN ACCESS   971 Views   619 Downloads   Published online: 26 Feb 2024
Download Full Text (PDF)

ABSTRACT

This study set out to identify and analyze toxic relationships in interpersonal communication among adolescents. The toxic relationship, as an unhealthy relationship, does have an impact on the occurrence of internal conflicts. Such relationships often cause the people involved to encounter unproductiveness and mental disorders, which can trigger an emotional outburst that leads to violence. A qualitative approach was used as the research method. The data collection techniques comprised FGD, observation, and in-depth interviews with informants/participants as primary data. The study findings show that first, the perpetrators of toxic relationships, namely toxic people, could be those closest to the victims, such as the nuclear family (father, mother, and siblings). In addition, the perpetrator could be a lover in an unhealthy romantic relationship or peers and even friends who often do the bullying via verbal, physical, or even sexual violence. Second, toxic relationships can be categorized into several forms, namely unhealthy relationships with friends (‘toxic friendship’), parents/family (‘toxic parenting’), lovers, and cheating parents, which can affect a child’s mentality. Actions necessary include the raising of awareness and concern for the community. If violent behavior occurs, it is not permissible to act permissive. The individual approach carried out during victim assistance can entail consultations in the form of ‘vent sessions’. A powerful way to anticipate being trapped in an unhealthy relationship is via self-love. Counselling is carried out with a self-healing approach to restore victims’ self-confidence and maintain their mental health.

CITATION

Praptiningsih, N. A., Mulyono, H., & Setiawan, B. (2024). Toxic relationship in youth communication through self-love intervention strategy. Online Journal of Communication and Media Technologies, 14(2), e202416. https://doi.org/10.30935/ojcmt/14292

REFERENCES

  • Al-Shraifin, A., Arabiat, R. B., Shatnawi, A., AlSobeh, A., & Bahr, N. (2023). The effectiveness of counseling program based on psychosocial support to raise the level of economics empowerment among refugees. Current Psychology Journal, 43, 3101-3110. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-023-04405-7
  • Al-Shraifin, A., Shatnawi, A. M., AlSobeh, A. M., AL-Mifleh, E. I., & Migdady, A. F. (2022). The effectiveness of a program based on psychosocial support in raising the level of family empowerment among refugees in Jordan. International Journal of Psychological and Educational Research, 1(4), 602-622.
  • AlSobeh, A. M. R., AlAzzam, I., Shatnawi, A. M. J., & Khasawneh, I. (2023). Cybersecurity awareness factors among adolescents in Jordan: Mediation effect of cyber scale and personal factors. Online Journal of Communication and Media Technologies, 13(2), e202312. https://doi.org/10.30935/ojcmt/12942
  • Bion, W. R. (2018). Group dynamics: A review. In P. Heimann, M. Klein, & R. Money-Kyrle (Eds.), New directions in psycho-analysis (pp. 440-477). Routledge.
  • Castro-Jiménez, R. A., Del Pozo, F. J. F., Moral, G. J., & Fruet-Cardozo, J. V. (2020). Analysis of health habits, vices and interpersonal relationships of Spanish adolescents, using SEM statistical model. Heliyon, 6(8), e04699. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04699
  • Chatterjee, A., & Kulakli, A. (2015). A study on the impact of communication system on interpersonal conflict. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 210, 320-329. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.11.372
  • Dalton, L., Rapa, E., Ziebland, S., Rochat, T., Kelly, B., Hanington, L., Bland, R., Yousafzai, A., Stein, A., & Communication Expert Group. (2019). Communication with children and adolescents about the diagnosis of a life-threatening condition in their parent. The Lancet, 393(10176), 1164-1176. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)33202-1
  • Denanti, I. A., & Wardani, S. Y. (2020). Pengaruh komunikasi interpersonal dan interaksi teman sebaya terhadap kepercayaan diri dalam berpendapat [The influence of interpersonal communication and peer interaction on self-confidence in expressing opinions]. Seminar Nasional Bimbingan dan Konseling [National Guidance and Counseling Seminar], 3(1), 111-118.
  • Fadhil, H. (2020). Remaja di Batam tewas dipukul teman, diduga gegara body shaming [Teenager in Batam beaten to death by friend, allegedly due to body shaming]. News.Detik.Com. https://news.detik.com/berita/d-5154827/remaja-di-batam-tewas-dipukul-teman-diduga-gegara-body-shaming
  • Hou, J., Jiang, Y., Chen, S., Hou, Y., Wu, J., & Fan, N. (2019). Addictive behaviors reports cognitive mechanism of intimate interpersonal relationships and loneliness in internet-addicts: An ERP study. Addictive Behaviors Reports, 10, 100209. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.abrep.2019.100209
  • InfoDATIN. (2019). Situasi kesehatan jiwa di Indonesia [Mental health situation in Indonesia]. Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementrian Kesehatan RI [Indonesian Ministry of Health Data and Information Center].
  • Iss, S., Ruvalcaba-romero, N. A., Fernández-Berrocal, P., Salazar-Estrada, J. G., & Gallegos-Guajardo, J. (2017). Positive emotions, self-esteem, interpersonal relationships and social support as mediators between emotional intelligence and life satisfaction. Journal of Behavior, Health & Social Issues, 9(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbhsi.2017.08.001
  • Isti’adah, F. N., & Permana, R. (2017). Peranan kelompok teman sebaya di sekolah dalam meningkatkan komunikasi interpersonal siswa [The role of peer groups at school in improving students’ interpersonal communication]. Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling [Journal of Guidance and Counseling], 6(1), 8. https://doi.org/10.12928/psikopedagogia.v6i1.7117
  • Julianto, V., Cahayani, R. A., Sukmawati, S., Saputra, E., & Aji, R. (2020). Hubungan antara harapan dan harga diri terhadap kebahagiaan pada orang yang mengalami toxic relationship dengan kesehatan psikologis [The relationship between hope and self-esteem and happiness in people experiencing toxic relationships and psychological health]. Jurnal Psikologi Integratif [Journal of Integrative Psychology], 8(1), 103-115. https://doi.org/10.14421/jpsi.v8i1.2016
  • Khodabakhsh, M. R., & Besharat, M. A. (2011). Social and mediation effect of narcissism on the relationship between empathy and the quality of interpersonal relationships. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 30, 902-906. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.10.175
  • Littlejohn, S. W., & Foss, K. A. (2010). Theories of human communication. Waveland Press.
  • Mataputun, Y., & Saud, H. (2020). Analisis komunikasi interpersonal dan penyesuaian diri remaja [Analysis of interpersonal communication and adolescent adjustment]. Jurnal Konseling dan Pendidikan [Journal of Counseling and Education], 8(1), 32. https://doi.org/10.29210/140800
  • Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook. SAGE.
  • Petrovici, A., & Dobrescu, T. (2014). The role of emotional intelligence in building interpersonal communication skills. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 1405-1410. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.406
  • Rokom. (2019). Perlu kepedulian untuk kendalikan masalah kesehatan jiwa [Care needed to control mental health problems]. Sehatnegeriku.Kemkes.Go.Id. https://sehatnegeriku.kemkes.go.id/baca/rilismedia/20190304/1029618/perlu-kepedulian-kendalikan-masalah-kesehatan-jiwa/
  • Rose-Clarke, K., Hassan, E., BK, P., Magar, J., Devakumar, D., Luitel, N. P., Verdeli, H., & Kohrt, B. A. (2021). A cross-cultural interpersonal model of adolescent depression: A qualitative study in rural Nepal. Social Science and Medicine, 270, 113623. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.113623
  • Soedarsono, D., & Wulan, R. (2017). Model komunikasi teman sebaya dalam pembentukan identitas diri remaja global melalui media internet [Peer communication model in the formation of global adolescent self-identity through internet media]. Jurnal ASPIKOM [Journal Aspicom], 3(3), 447-456. https://doi.org/10.24329/aspikom.v3i3.172
  • Solferino, N., & Tessitore, M. E. (2021). Human networks and toxic relationships. Mathematics, 9(18), 2258. https://doi.org/10.3390/math9182258
  • Stein, A., Dalton, L., Rapa, E., Bluebond-Langner, M., Hanington, L., Stein, K. F., Ziebland, S., Rochat, T., Harrop, E., Kelly, B., Bland, R., & Communication Expert Group. (2019). Communication with children and adolescents about the diagnosis of their own life-threatening condition. The Lancet, 393(10176), 1150-1163. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)33201-X
  • Sulistyani, H. D., Rahardjo, T., & Rahmiaji, L. R. (2020). The social harmony of local religious groups. Informasi [Information], 50(1), 85-96. https://doi.org/10.21831/informasi.v50i1.30169
  • Susanto, E. H. (2018). Komunikasi manusia: Teori dan praktik dalam penyampaian gagasan [Human communication: Theory and practice in conveying ideas]. Mitra Wacana Media.
  • Wilde, J. L., & Dozois, D. J. A. (2019). A dyadic partner-schema model of relationship distress and depression: Conceptual integration of interpersonal theory and cognitive-behavioral models. Clinical Psychology Review, 70, 13-25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2019.03.003