Is Psychological Capital A Form of Emotional Intelligence? A research on University Students

Eylem Şimşek 1 *, Hakkı Aktaş 2

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Abstract

Psychological capital (PsyCap) is defined as one’s being hopeful, resistant, self-confident and optimistic (Luthans & Youssef, 2004). Whereas emotional intelligence stated by Goleman (1998) as “the capacity for recognizing our own feelings and those of others, for motivating ourselves, and for managing emotions well in ourselves and in our relationships”. Emotional intelligence is a combination of individuals’ personal competence and social competence (Goleman, Boyatzis & McKee, 2002). Both emotional intelligence and PsyCap has been evaluated as inner resources of positive outputs like success, satisfaction, well-being, health etc. But it is not clear to what extent emotional intelligence and PsyCap were similar. The purpose of this research is to examine the interaction between emotional intelligence and psychological capital by employing a quantitative approach of scientific inquiry. A demographic data sheet, Psychological Capital Questionnaire (Luthans et. al, 2007) and Emotional Competence Inventory (ECI, Boyatzis, Goleman & Rhee, 2000) has been implemented. Correlation, and multiple regression techniques were conducted. Significant results revealed that PsyCap and emotional intelligence were significantly associated. The correlation between PsyCap and EI is (r=.540, p≤.01). Subfactors of EI, social awareness and self-awareness, explained 28.8% of the variance on PsyCap.

Keywords

psychological capital emotional intelligence positive psychology positive organizational behavior

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

Online Journal of Communication and Media Technologies, Volume 6, Issue September 2016 - Special Issue, pp. 192-202

Published Online: 01 Sep 2016

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